Dating furniture by the carvings

He had to wait awhile making the gates, carts and general carpentry items of the workshop he took over in 1895 before he could progress to more exalted items.During this time he taught himself the use of craft tools and carving, always having higher things in mind.I will use the terms: “fake” referring to a completely made phony; fraud: designates an antique that has been altered, misattributed, or otherwise discussed or misrepresented as what it is not.

One will also find excessive wear marks added, generally being much over done and sometimes in the wrong areas as compared to the original being copied.This is an introductory book that combines the history of timekeeping with a guide to the basics of antique clock collecting.Clear line drawings illustrate the rudimentary details of clock mechanisms and the evolution of their cases.After an unhappy attempt at an engineering apprenticeship in Cleckheaton to please his father, he returned to the family workshop in 1894 to pursue what was his true vocation – working in wood, specifically oak.He was inspired by medieval religious oak craftsmanship and, like the devotees in the Cotswolds, believed that the tradition of oak workmanship needed sustaining.